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What You Should Already Know

The Russian 43 course is the second half of the first year of Russian. If you have already taken Russian 41, this course is exactly what you need! Russian 43 is based on the vocabulary, grammar, and language skills you have gained in Russian 41 or an equivalent course.

To succeed in this course, you need to already be familiar with basic grammatical structures such as gender, nouns, pronouns, and adjectives and with the past, present, and future tenses. You should be able to understand and respond to greetings and common courtesy phrases and you should know some basic Russian vocabulary including numbers, family members, time, calendar words, hobbies, and rooms in a house. It is important that you are able to read, handwrite, and type the Cyrillic alphabet in its standard, print, and italicized forms. Be sure that you are familiar with the variations in Cyrillic type. This is covered in the prerequisite course and summarized here for your reference.

Italicized and Printed Letters
Italicized letters Printed letters Corresponding English sounds
В в В в v
И и И и ee
Т т Т т t
Р р Р р r
П п П п p
Д д Д д d
Г г Г г g
М м М м m

If you have a solid foundation in beginning Russian, you shouldn’t have trouble with Russian 43. In this course, you will expand your vocabulary significantly, continue mastering your grammar, and improve your listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills. Also, you will extend your cultural knowledge of Russia and Russian culture. This course is another step toward your Russian language proficiency, so continue your journey and have fun!

Course Outcomes

By the end of this course, you will be able to do the following:

Course Materials

To successfully complete this course you will need the following:

This course contains many audio files that will help you learn the Russian language. There are two options for listening to these files:

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Fig. S.1. Audio

© BYU Independent Study

  1. The audio files can be streamed within the lesson content by clicking on the audio icons, which look like figure S.1:
  2. You can download the audio files in MP3 format by clicking the button below:

Download Audio

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How This Course Works

This course contains seven units and a final exam. Each unit consists of an introduction, unit objectives, discussion material, and a Self Check section with its corresponding answers. The discussion material includes new vocabulary, pictures, examples, listening, speaking, writing, and reading practice activities. Most of the grammar concepts are presented in table format, which will help you understand the information in the best way. The audio material features native Russian speakers to provide you with good examples of correct pronunciation.

Other Resources

There is a course discussion board at the end of the course, as well as a course wiki. The discussion board is designed for students to connect, discuss course-related matters, and share ideas with each other. The wiki is designed for the instructor to post information that may provide enrichment or relevant information for the course to the students.

Technical Considerations

In order for the Flash games to perform properly, and for the pages to display correctly, you must have the most current version of either Firefox or Chrome, and the most current Flash player installed. If some of the games don't seem to work quite right, or you can't see all of the options, try downloading a newer version of the Flash player to fix the problem. This course functions best in a web browser other than Internet Explorer. If you only have Internet Explorer, you can download other browsers (e.g., Firefox, Safari, etc.) for free online. If you have trouble doing this, contact Technical Support at 1-877-897-8085 or

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Self Checks

Self Check activities are not submitted and graded; they are for your benefit. You will test yourself to see how well you understand the material of the lesson and determine whether or not you are ready to move forward. Self Check assignments will also help you prepare for unit quizzes and the final exam.

Unit Quizzes

Unit quizzes are to be completed at the end of each unit. These assignments are graded instantly and sent back to you with instructional feedback for incorrect answers.

Each unit quiz will consist of at least twenty multiple-choice and matching questions about the material covered in the unit. The seven unit quizzes together are worth twenty-five percent of your final grade. It is important that you read through each unit thoroughly, and do all the practice exercises to prepare for each unit quizzes. You will not be able to pass the unit quiz without reading the entire unit. When you miss a question, you will be provided with the lesson and objective that you need to review to understand that particular question correctly. Use these to your benefit. When you return to the lesson and objective, be sure you completely understand each concept before you move on to the next concept. If you do this, you will stay on track to pass the course.

It is recommended that you use the unit quizzes to study for the final exam. It is also recommended that you not use any notes while doing the unit quizzes. Not using notes will help you better assess your progress, thereby better preparing you for the final. The final exam is similar to a unit quizzes and includes eighty multiple-choice questions about everything covered in this course. It is closed book, so you will not be allowed to use any notes during the final.

Conversation Café and Speaking Appointments

The Conversation Café is a virtual room where conversation practice and speaking appointments take place. Minimal English is used in the Café. Activities are moderated by a TA/instructor. Hours of the Café are posted on the Communication and Conversation Café page. Spend as much time as possible in the Café, practicing the concepts you learn! Before you complete your speaking appointment, you must spend some time practicing in the Conversation Café. You must complete the first Conversation Café to move on in the course.

Speaking appointments are graded oral assessments. You will be required to complete certain language tasks or have a dialogue with the TA/instructor during your speaking appointment. A speaking appointment is a required part of every unit and must be completed before you move on to the next unit. TA-graded speaking appointments are completed on a first-come, first-served basis (no scheduling) in the Conversation Café room. The second, fifth, and final exam speaking appointments will be scheduled with your instructor and will take place in the instructor’s virtual room. These appointments require a photo ID and a webcam. If you are not able to keep your scheduled appointment, you must reschedule or cancel at least 24 hours before the appointment. If you fail to show up at your scheduled time, you will receive a 0.

A grade will be posted within 24 hours of the appointment. The lowest score from all of your speaking appointments will be dropped. (This does not include the final speaking appointment.) See “Grading” below to see what percentage of your final grade the speaking appointments are on.

We strongly encourage you not to use notes during your speaking appointments. That will help you be better prepared for the final speaking appointment where no notes are allowed.

Writing Assignments

You will be required to complete seven writing assignments paced throughout the course. These should be submitted electronically through the dropbox and will be graded by the instructor/teaching assistant. Grading will be based on provided rubrics associated with each assignment. Graded assignments will be returned with comments. These assignments count toward 20% of your final grade.

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The final exam will consist of two parts: first, your final speaking appointment; and second, a multiple choice bubble-sheet portion. The written portion of the exam is similar to a unit quizzes and includes eighty multiple-choice questions on everything covered in this course. It is closed book, so you may not use any notes during the final. Also, on the final exam you may only listen to the audio track twice. However, you may (and it is recommended that you do) pause the track between each question to allow yourself time to process and think about what was said. The final exam will make up 25% of your final grade, 12.5% for speaking and 12.5% for the written portion. You must pass separately both the oral and the written portion of the final exam with at least a 60 percent in order to pass the course. Notes will not be allowed during your final speaking appointment. If you use notes during the final speaking appointment, you will receive a 0 grade and fail the course. 

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Tips on Successful Language Learning

If you’ve made a decision to continue studying Russian, you must be ready to work hard to accomplish your goal. You know that learning Russian requires time, hard work, patience, and persistence. Here is some useful advice on successful language learning.


You will be graded on each Unit Quizzes, Speaking Appointment, Writing Assignment, and on the final exam. This is how your final grade for the course will be divided:

7 Unit Quizzes 25%
7 Speaking Appointments 30%
7 Writing Appointments 20%
1 Final Exam 25%
TOTAL 100%

The passing grade on assignments and the final is a D−. You must pass the final exam with a 60 percent or above to pass the course.

Grading Scale
A 100-93
A− 92-90
B+ 89-88
B 87-83
B− 82-80
C+ 79-77
C 76-72
C− 71-70
D+ 69-67
D 66-63
D− 62-60
E (fail) 59-0

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Copyright Notice

The materials used in connection with this online course are only for the use of students enrolled in this course for purposes associated with this course and may not be retained or further disseminated. Any copying or further dissemination of these materials may be subject to applicable U.S. Copyright Laws. For questions or more information, please visit the BYU Copyright Licensing Office website.

“Members of the BYU community who willfully disregard this Copyright Policy or the BYU Copyright Guidelines place themselves individually at risk of legal action and may incur personal liability for their conduct. The unauthorized use or distribution of copyrighted material, including unauthorized peer-to-peer file sharing, may subject individuals to civil and criminal liabilities, including actual and statutory damages, costs and fees of litigation, fines, and imprisonment

Violations of the Copyright Policy may result in university disciplinary action including termination of university enrollment or employment.” (Emphasis added. Excerpt taken from the BYU Copyright Policy)

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Accessibility Notice

BYU is committed to providing a working and learning atmosphere which reasonably accommodates persons with disabilities who are otherwise qualified to participate in BYU's programs and activities. In this spirit, BYU Independent Study aspires to improve web accessibility for users. While not required by law, the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 Levels A and AA provide a wide range of helpful recommendations to make Web content more accessible. BYU Independent Study strives to apply WCAG 2.0 recommendations where feasible, but may deviate from any recommendations that would result in an undue hardship to BYU Independent Study or alterations to program and course content and objectives. If you have questions about accessibility, or if you need to report problems with any accessibility features please see our Accessibilities and Accommodations Web Page.

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Course Policies

These policies are specific to this course. For additional information about general policies, please refer to Independent Study Course Policies page.


7 computer-graded assignments, 7 writing assignments, and 7 speaking appointments, none may be resubmitted; lowest score may be dropped for the speaking appointments.


1 final speaking appointment (may retake once for a fee; no-shows count as attempts and are given zeros), and 1 proctored, computer-graded final exam (may retake once for a fee). To pass the course, you must pass both the final speaking appointment and the final exam with at least a 60 percent on each.

Course Duration

Because of the nature of some assignments, you will not be able to complete this course in less than 2 months. You may only complete one speaking appointment per day. No exceptions. You have 1 year to complete this course, but if you need more than a year, you may purchase one 3-month extension.

Plagiarism Policy

Plagiarism is defined as the unauthorized use or close imitation of the language and thoughts of another author and the representation of them as one’s own original work. This may also include when a student copies and pastes directly from another source and passes it off as his or her own, copies computer-generated text from a translation tool and uses it as his or her own, or fails to cite a source after loosely summarizing its content in his or her own words. As determined by your instructor or the BYU Independent Study administration, if evidence of academic misconduct on assignments or exams is established, one of the two following consequences will apply to each incidence:

First Offense of Plagiarism

  1. You will fail the unit and be allowed the opportunity to resubmit the unit (or)
  2. You will fail the unit and be denied the opportunity to resubmit the unit

Second Offense of Plagiarism

  1. You will fail the unit and fail the class (or)
  2. You will fail the unit, fail the class, and may be ineligible to enroll in a specific course or any of our courses without going through an appeals process which will determine the severity of your plagiarism

University Policy - Title IX Statement

Preventing & Responding to Sexual Misconduct

In accordance with Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, Brigham Young University prohibits unlawful sex discrimination against any participant in its education programs or activities. The university also prohibits sexual harassment—including sexual violence—committed by or against students, university employees, and visitors to campus. As outlined in university policy, sexual harassment, dating violence, domestic violence, sexual assault, and stalking are considered forms of "Sexual Misconduct" prohibited by the university.

University policy requires all university employees in a teaching, managerial, or supervisory role to report all incidents of Sexual Misconduct that come to their attention in any way, including but not limited to face-to-face conversations, a written class assignment or paper, class discussion, email, text, or social media post. Incidents of Sexual Misconduct should be reported to the Title IX Coordinator at or (801) 422-8692. Reports may also be submitted through EthicsPoint at or 1-888-238-1062 (24-hours a day).

BYU offers confidential resources for those affected by Sexual Misconduct, including the university’s Victim Advocate, as well as a number of non-confidential resources and services that may be helpful. Additional information about Title IX, the university’s Sexual Misconduct Policy, reporting requirements, and resources can be found at or by contacting the university’s Title IX Coordinator.